Teleoperation can be defined as the technology that enables humans to monitor and control vehicles from remote locations. This technology is based on a chain of high-tech devices ranging from high-speed cameras and modems to the control station itself. The primary purpose of such stations is to allow the operator to passively and remotely control autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles and, if necessary, take full control of the vehicle or machine.
To realize the core ideology of teleoperation, 5G Blueprint is currently setting up two remote teleoperation stations. These stations will be built for roadway operations allowing for full control of steering and acceleration/deceleration of the vehicle, provided that the vehicle is equipped with steer-by-wire and drive-by-wire systems. External cameras will be added to the vehicle aiding the teleoperator in visualizing the surroundings around the vehicle. The cameras’ feeds will be displayed using a three-monitor set up at the remote station. The feeds will be bandwidth-intensive so that the teleoperator can visualize the surroundings with very low latency – the connection between the station and the vehicle will use a 5G network. The remote station will also have a two-way audio channel between the vehicle environment and the operator. An extended dashboard will display task-specific information in the accompanying fleet management system and specialized applications.
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